First Arrivals (11,000 B.C.–5,500 B.C.)
At least 13,000 years ago, the retreat of glacial ice allowed small groups of hunter-gatherers to enter what is now known as North Dakota. Following herds of large game, these groups moved frequently and developed a distinct stone tool technology. Demonstrating astonishing craftsmanship and skill, their fluted points are found across North America.
See what these first arrivals hunted and examine the tools they used:
- A skeleton of a Bison antiquus
- A wall-sized mural of a bison kill and butchering site dating to 12,000 years ago
- The exquisite stone tools from some of the earliest known occupations in North Dakota
- A wall-sized mural of Early Peoples mining Knife River flint
- A video of an archaeologist demonstrating flintknapping, the process of striking and shaping stones into different types of tools